The Ultimate P1 Licence Guide for NSW Learner Drivers

by EzLicence Last updated

So you’ve decided that you want to obtain a NSW P1 licence and enjoy the freedom and independence that driving can give you. Well you’ve come to the right place to get started on your learning journey!

This ultimate guide will tell you absolutely everything you need to know before being able to obtain your P1 licence, including advice on the final practical driving test itself. Whether it’s knowing how many hours you need to have logged before taking your test, or what you need to provide to prove your identity, this article has you covered.

So without further ado, let’s get started with the requirements for obtaining a P1 licence.

EzLicence Learner Guide


Minimum Age

Although you can start learning to drive from the age of 16, you cannot obtain a P1 licence until you are at least 17 years of age.

If you are in a hurry to pass your test it is wise to apply for a learner licence as soon as you turn 16 because you will have to hold that licence for at least 12 months before being able to take a P1 licence driving test. The minimum 12 month period for a learner’s licence  does not apply to people over the age of 25.

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Obtain and Hold a Learner Licence for at Least 12 Months

As mentioned above, learner drivers cannot apply to take the P1 licence test until they have held a learner licence for at least 12 months, unless you are over the age of 25.

In order to gain a NSW Learner licence, you will have to first pass an eyesight test. This will assess whether you meet the eyesight standards laid out in the National Transport Commission’s Fitness To Drive publication.

Once you have passed the eyesight test, you will then need to take New South Wales’ Driver Knowledge Test (DKT). The DKT is a computer-based road rules knowledge test which comprises of two parts.

Part 1 is 15 general knowledge questions and part 2 is made up of 30 road safety questions. In order to pass you need to get 12 of the 15 general knowledge questions right. For part 2 on road safety, you will need to get at least 29 of the 30 right.

With such strict requirements for passing this test it’s a good idea to get some practice in before taking it. Here at EzLicence we have a great FREE online DKT test for you to practice, as well as access to many questions direct from the Roads and Maritime Services question bank. Make sure to have a go and test your current knowledge.

EzLicence Learner Guide


Log at Least 120 Hours in Your Learner Driver Log Book (Including 20 Hours of Night Driving)

Unless you are aged 25 or older you will need to log at 120 hours of driving over a minimum period of 12 months, including at least 20 hours of driving at night time. You will then present this log book before taking your driving test.

If you log these hours using a digital log book app then you must use the “submit” button and send your driving details direct to the Roads and Maritime Services before taking your test.

In terms of building up your hours, whilst you should practice as much as possible with a suitable parent, family member or friend, you will need driving lessons with a qualified professional driving instructor. Instructors won’t just teach you the basics and safest driving skills, they also know the areas that your local driving test centre uses, which is helpful information.

In terms of how many lessons you should take, it’s better to look at how many lessons it takes you to become a capable, safe and confident driver, rather than how many it takes to pass your test. Your driving instructor can also guide you, they will know when you are ready to sit your driving test.

It is worth mentioning that driving test pass rates do dramatically increase with the help of an instructor. Those that take driving lessons with an EzLicence approved driving instructors have a pass rate of 90% as opposed to the state-wide average of 58%. But the advantages of having instructor led lessons don’t stop there, have a read of our blog post on the benefits of having instructor-led driving lessons here.

Once you feel ready to take lessons make sure to use our instructor locator and use our guide on picking the right instructor for you to find a good match. Once you have found a driving instructor you are happy with and you are ready to take driving lessons, fill out the price finder form and book your driving lessons in advance online.

EzLicence Learner Guide


Prove Your Identity

The rules on what counts as proof of identity for your driving test are quite strict. You must provide either a NSW photo driver/rider licence or NSW Photo Card that is current, or has expired within the last two years (provided it’s not recorded as lost, stolen or destroyed).

NB: General boat and Personal Watercraft driving licences are not acceptable.

Failing that you must provide at least two documents from two pre-approved lists (one from each list), the full lists of acceptable documents can be found here.

No matter what you choose for your proof or identity there are a couple of vital aspects to remember. Firstly, in all cases, your identity documents must be originals. Copies and certified copies are not acceptable. Secondly, your proof of identity documents have to show your signature.

If they don’t show your signature, you will need to provide a statement from your employer, your bank manager, school principal, or parent/guardian witnessing your signature. You can download a witness letter template here.

EzLicence Learner Guide


Pass an Eyesight Test

As mentioned above, when trying to obtain any driving licence you will have to pass an eyesight test. This perquisite will make sure that you have the necessary vision to safely drive a vehicle on the road.

You will have to take this eyesight test again if you start or stop wearing glasses or contact lens to drive. If you pass the test wearing glasses or contact lenses a condition will be added to your licence.

EzLicence Learner Guide


Pay the Licence and Test Fees (Unless Eligible for a Concession)

Before you take your driving test and obtain your P1 Licence you will need to pay the necessary associated fees. There are many different elements to the fees you will need to pay from the start of the learning phase right through to passing your driving test and getting your full P1 Licence photo card.

A list of what you will be expected to pay for is below:

  • Licence Fee
  • NSW Photo Card Fee
  • Handbook and Logbook Fees
  • Driver Knowledge Test Fee
  • Hazard Perception Test Fee
  • Driving Test Fee

There are also fees for replacements for any of the above, as well as fees for repeated tests. For a full list with up to date pricing see the Roads and Maritime Services Price List.

You may be eligible for a discount or concession depending on your circumstances, please check to see if you qualify here.

EzLicence Learner Guide


Pass the Hazard Perception Test

To progress from the Learner licence to the P1 Licence you must also pass the Hazard Perception Test (HPT). The HPT is a computer based touch-screen test that measures a learner driver’s ability to respond to dangerous road situations. You can only apply to take the test once you have held a Learner licence for at least 10 months.  

The test is made up of 15 real-life traffic clips, and learners and asked to respond using the touch screen indicating when they would take actions such as slowing down or overtaking. There are a range of practice modules available on the RMS Hazard Perception page, once you feel you are ready to take the HPT you will need book a test slot online and pay the associated fee.

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Pass the Driving Test

Once you have completed all of the necessary requirements above and you feel ready and confident behind the wheel, it’s time to take the practical driving test.

Once you have booked your slot and paid your fees you will need to report to the test centre with the necessary documentation and bring someone with you who holds a full P1 Licence as you will not be able to drive home alone if you fail. Also make sure to arrive with plenty of time, and take the time to practice driving beforehand as this greatly increases your chance of passing.

EzLicence offer a special Driving Test Package which makes sure you have the best possible preparation for the test. It includes being picked up 1 hour before the test, 45-minute pre-test warm up (including manoeuvre practice), the use of the instructor’s vehicle for the test, and drop off after the test result has been received.

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Still not sure whether you are ready or not? Make sure to read our helpful test day guide, including the number 1 reason why people fail their test.

EzLicence Learner Guide



There you have it, that’s everything you need to obtain your NSW P1 Licence in one handy post. Whilst this may seem quite exhaustive, it’s a process that can be made much simpler using EzLicence, as our instructors can guide you through every step of the learning process.

There is a reason why our pass rates are so high!

When you feel ready to start your driving lessons, make sure to find your nearest instructor here.

About the author


EzLicence takes the hassle out of choosing a driving school by helping learner drivers find, compare and book verified driving instructors online.

The EzLicence online platform brings transparency, choice and efficiency to booking and managing driving instructors and driving lessons in Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, Gold Coast and Sunshine Coast.

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